SECTION I : TITLE AND DOMICILE
Article 1. The Pan African Anthropological Association (hereinafter called “the Association”) is an autonomous African-wide non-governmental, non-political and non-profit-making scientific organisation, established by a group of African anthropologists (hereinafter called “Founding Fathers”) to pursue the objectives set out in Section II below.
Article 2. The legal domicile of the Association is Yaounde, Cameroon
Article 3. The location of the secretariat of the Association shall be decided by the Association’s Governing Council and approved by the General Assembly
Article 4. a) The Association has the legal capacity to contract and to become a member of international institutions.
b) The Association covers the following disciplines: social anthropology, physical anthropology, ethnology and archaeology; linguistics and other related disciplines.
SECTION II : OBJECTIVES
Article 5. The principal objectives of the Association are:
SECTION III : FUNCTIONS
SECTION IV : MEMBERSHIP
Article 7. The membership of the Association shall consist of the following categories:
Article 8. Founding members are those twelve anthropologists who participated in the 1988 ICAES in Zagreb, and all those who attended the inaugural conference in Yaounde, Cameroon in September 1989.
Article 9. Ordinary members shall be drawn from among qualified African anthropologists who are engaged in research, teaching, policy making, consultancy and other related activities.
Article 10. Foreign Members are drawn from among active Africanists who have made significant contributions to the development of the discipline and its application in Africa.
Article 11. Associate Members are drawn from African and Africanist graduate students of anthropology and other related disciplines.
Article 12. All institutions that promote the knowledge of African cultures and civilisations shall join the Association as corporate members.
Article 13. Honorary Members are elected from among persons of eminence who have made a significant contribution to the objectives of the Association and have contributed to African anthropology.
Article 14. Hereinafter, unless otherwise specified, the capitalised term “Member” shall refer without distinction to categories in articles 9, 10, 11, 12 and 13.
SECTION V : ELECTION AND LOSS OF MEMBERSHIP
Article 15. a) Members shall be admitted into the Association upon receipt of their application and shall become members upon payment of a registration fee.
b) A candidate for Honorary membership shall be nominated by a member, and shall be reviewed and elected directly by the Governing Council.
Article 16. A member may withdraw from the Association by signifying in writing to the President his/her wish to do so. A withdrawal shall be announced by the President without delay to the entire membership of the Association and recorded at the next meeting of the Governing Council.
Article 17. A member may be expelled from the Association by a decision of the General Assembly taken by a simple majority of those present, and voting upon a report by the Governing Council that he/she acted incompatibly with the objectives of the Association or to the detriment of the interests or reputation of the Association.
Article 18. A member who withdraws from the Association may be re-admitted while those who are expelled may not be re-admitted to the Association.
SECTION VI : ORGANS OF THE ASSOCIATION
Article 19. The organs of the Association shall be:
Article 20. The General Assembly shall consist of all paid up members of the Association.
Article 21. The General Assembly is the highest authority of the Association to which both the Governing Council and the Executive Committee are responsible, and determines its general policy.
Article 22. The General Assembly has the following powers and obligations:
Article 23. An Ordinary session of the General Assembly is normally held every three years, at a place and date determined by the Governing Council.
Article 24. An Extraordinary session of the General Assembly shall be convened by the President (a) on the decision of the Governing Council or (b) at the request in writing of at least one-third of the entire body of members of the Association.
Article 25. At the General Assembly each paid-up member shall have one vote. In the event of a tie, the President shall have a casting vote.
Article 26. The quorum of the General Assembly shall be 25. If after one hour of the scheduled time of the meeting, a quorum has not been obtained, members present shall constitute themselves into a committee of the General Assembly and shall proceed with the business of the meeting. The minutes shall be ratified by a postal vote of members within three months.
SECTION VII; THE GOVERNING COUNCIL
Article 27. The Governing Council shall consist of the following:
Article 28. Each member of the Governing Council shall be elected for a term not exceeding three years, and shall be eligible for immediate re-election for a further term of three years. Any vacancy occurring in the middle of the term shall be filled in an interim capacity by the Council until the General Assembly immediately following. This interim period shall not be counted towards the elected term of office..
Article 29. The Governing Council shall have the following terms of reference:
Article 30. The Governing Council shall meet at least once a year. The President of the Association shall preside; in his absence the Governing Council shall elect one of the Vice Presidents to act as chairperson.
SECTION VIII : THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE
Article 31. The Executive Committee shall consist of the following officers:
Article 32. The officers of the Association shall hold office for a term not exceeding three years, and they shall be immediately eligible for re-election. Any vacancy shall be filled by the Executive Committee and be ratified by the Governing Council at its next meeting.
Article 33. The Executive Committee shall have the following terms of reference:
SECTION X : OFFICERS OF THE ASSOCIATION
Article 34. The officers of the Association shall be the following:
Article 35. The President shall (a) be the chief executive of the Association; (b) convene and chair meetings of the Executive Committee, the Governing Council and the General Assembly. He shall represent the Association at international level ; c) on completion of his term, he shall become a member of the executive committee as past president for a term of three years.
Article 36. The President-elect shall (a) assist the president in the performance of his/her duties; (b) become President at the end of the next General Assembly.
Article 37. The Vice Presidents shall assist the President in his/her duties, especially in co-ordinating regional activities.
Article 38. The Secretary General shall be
Article 39. The Assistant Secretary General the President shall assist and in his absence sit in for him.
Article 40. The Treasurer shall
SECTION X : ELECTION OF OFFICERS
Article 41. In accordance with article 29(h) ; a nomination committee of three persons shall conduct the elections of officers of the Association.
Article 42. All vacant positions shall be published or made known to the entire membership two months before the General Assembly.
Article 43. Candidates running for any office must indicate their intention in writing to the nomination committee. The committee shall publish two weeks before the general Assembly, the list of candidates running for different positions.
Article 44. Candidates running for any office must indicate their intention in writing to the nomination committee. The committee shall publish two weeks before the general Assembly, the list of candidates running for different positions.
Article 45. Voting may be conducted by mail provided the nomination committee can reasonably reach all members. Members can vote by proxy if they confer their voting rights to members attending the General Assembly at which elections shall be conducted.
SECTION X : RESEARCH NETWORKS
Article 46. In order to promote research and professionalism within the discipline, research networks shall be constituted around the major specialisations. Each network shall be responsible for its internal organisation and shall elect its own officers and carry out its programmes. Each network shall also be registered with the Association and submit annual reports of its activities.
Article 47. Networks shall have the status of corporate members of the Association and as such shall pay corporate annual dues;
Article 48. Research networks may seek funds independently for their own programmes, provided such programmes have been approved by the General Assembly and the Governing Council of the Association.
Article 49. The following networks may be created: medical anthropology; population anthropology, gender issues in women anthropology, environmental anthropology; physical anthropology, archaeology, linguistics, social and applied anthropology. The creation of new networks other than these must obtain the approval of the General Assembly.
SECTION XI : FINANCES OF THE ASSOCIATION
Article 50. The sources of funding of the Association shall include the following:
Article 51. Funds derived from article 42(d) above shall be used in accordance with the agreements reached with the donors. Such funds may not be accepted if this could interfere with the objectives of the Association or its independence.
Article 52. The Association and bodies created by it, may not incur expenditure in excess of the approved funds at their disposal.
Article 53. The financial year of the Association shall be the calendar year.
Article 54. In the event of the dissolution of the Association, its assets shall be granted to one or more non-profit organisations whose objectives conform with those of the Association.
SECTION XII: AUDIT OF ACCOUNTS
Article 55. The Governing Council shall appoint Auditors for the scrutiny of the Association’s accounts. Auditors shall not be members of the Association. Such audited accounts shall be published every year.
SECTION XIII: REVISION OF THE CONSTITUTION
Article 56. No change may be made in the constitution except with the approval of the General Assembly by a two-thirds majority of votes cast by members present or by postal vote, at a meeting properly convened for the purpose.
Done in Yaounde on Thursday, 27th August, 1992
Signed by .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Professor Paul Nchoji Nkwi
President of the Association
(This constitution was adopted on August 27, 1992 by the General Assembly).